The Bhagavad Gita, one of the most respected holy books of Hindus, is also an important philosophical treatise. It does not refer to certain Hindu sects, but to Hinduism in general. In fact, it represents Dharma.
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Bhagavad Gita literally means "divine singing" and consists of seven hundred and one parts consisting of eighteen chapters. It was written in Sanskrit. As part of the great epic Mahabharata, it is said to have been composed by Rishi Ved Vyasa.
Traditionally it is believed that the gita is more than five thousand years old. However, most scholars and researchers believe that this poem about divinity is around 200 BC.
When the values of justice decrease and the power of evil increases, God incarnates to improve the situation. He came to earth in human form. Krishna is described as an avatar like that. He is said to be the incarnation of Vishnu. In the Gita, Krishna speaks as God Almighty.
The war between two closely related and interrelated families forms a canvas where these eternal words of infinite wisdom have been permanently printed. This war, known as the Mahabharata War, was waged between the Pandavas and the Kauravas in Kurukshetra.
Even with a war background, Gita is not a description of a battle between two kings. Instead, it establishes a universal code of behavior which, if followed sincerely, can bring about materialistic growth and spiritual attainment.